Between March 1961 and September 1963, excavations under the direction of the author were carried out by the National Museum of Malta on the site known as Li Skorba, in the north-west of the island. They revealed the remains of two adjacent temples of the well-known Maltese type, the study of which has yielded useful evidence on this class of monument. Of even greater value was the information obtained from the deposits built up by a village which had existed on the site until its long life was closed by the construction of the temples. Material recovered from the successive levels of occupation records in detail the early prehistory of the Maltese islands. With the help of a series of radiocarbon dates and of connexions with other areas, an assessment of the importance of the evidence recovered from Skorba to the prehistory of the Central Mediterranean generally is attempted.